# Can Nanotechnology slow the aging process by interfering with the arrow of time M.S.El Naschie

### Distinguished Fellow of the Frankfurt Association for the Development of Fundamental Physics, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany& Department of Physics, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

# Abstract

The paper explores tentative possibilities for slowing the aging process by linking the arrow of time to none linier dynamics and nanotechnology. The exposition is highly illustrated in such a way as to enhance understanding by reading captions of the figures.

# 1. What is life?

Like in stem cell research, nanotechnology can interfere in various ways with the biochemical processes on the cellular and modular levels. Since aging could be likened in spirit of Schrödinger's What is Life? (See Fig 1 & 2) to incremental but steady change from order to disorder, it follows then that chaos control methods could at least slow down the aging process. Extending our understanding of Boltzmanian entropy and Addington's arrow of time to encompass chemical and thermo dynamical processes far from equilibrium and dissipative dynamics in the sense of I. Prigogine (Fig 31) it seems likely that many methods used in the control of deterministic chaos [2] could be refined and used in conjunction with nanotechnology to repair damages caused by aging and thus slowing and in the theoretical limit even eliminating aging processes. [3, 4, 5].

To that end, we give a convenient illustrated summary to relativity, classical and quantum mechanics as well as deterministic chaos and nanotechnology in the captions Fig 1 - 39.

# 2. From Einstein to Nanotechnology

Time travel is not only a theme in science fiction (Fig 27) but maybe also given a scientific foundation based in Einstein's general theory of relativity (Fig 3) as demonstrated by Gsdels solution of these equations (Fig 26). In the present informal paper, we look at a more realistic possibilities of slowing even reversing the arrow of time (Fig 29) with the aim of slowing the aging process by utilizing advanced methods in Nanotechnology (Fig 13-19) as applied to biochemical processes [3-5].

# 3. Reversing the arrow of time

While the equations of classical and modern mechanics (Fig 7-11) do not distinguish a time direction, thermodynamics as well as chemical reactions are bound to a direction (Fig 29-31). This is what Eddington called the arrow of time (Fig 30). More precisely this means that the entropy of a conservative system never decreases. This entropy as defined by L.Boltzman is a measure of disorder (Fig 30). Thus following classical thermodynamics, entropy could only increase and the universe as a whole is heading towards what was termed as the heat death. The fact that life starts all over again everywhere was not taken seriously as counter argument. All that changed however with the discovery of oscillating chemical reactions and similar classically forbidden processes such as the Benard cells and the Belousov-Zhabolinsky reaction (Fig31). In addition, the fractal space time picture of the universe advanced by E-infinity theory (Fig 20, 21) made naive statements about entropy and conservation less compelling reasons to resign to the old dogmas. Consequently non-linear dynamics (8, 22, 23) in conjunction with nano (Fig 4, 5, 15, 18, 19, 32, 33) ns biotechnology may open the door to undreamed of possibilities toward a science for slowing the aging process.

# 4. The arrow of time a and quantum mechanics

Quantum mechanics occupies a peculiar situation in the controversy concerning the arrow of time. On the one hand it is clear that Schrassdinger (Fig 2) and Diracos equations are time symmetric. However the wave collapse is not. We know that the equations of quantum mechanics do not predict this wave collapse. However, wave collapse and wave particle duality is part and parcel of quantum theory and hence the contradiction (Fig 20, 21).

It is fair to say that E-finity theory [6] solves this contradiction as well as the two slit experiment in a way reinforcing the role of deterministic chaos as the bridge between classical and quantum mechanics (Fig 20, 21)

Conclusion

In a sense the time arrow could be reversed. Spontaneous self-organization in chemical and complex systems demonstrates this phenomenon which was in essence predicted in Schrödinger marvelous book 'What is life?' In this sense as in the film 'The strange voyage' (Fig 18) nanotechnology in conjunction with the methods of non-linear dynamics and chaos control could be used to slow the aging process.

# References

[1] E.Schrsdinger. What is life? Cambridge (1944)

[2] M. S. Elnaschie, O. E. Rossler and I. Prigogine. Quantum Mechanics, Diffusion & Chaotic Fractals. Pergamon-Elsevier. ISBN 0080420473 Oxford (1995)

[3] M. S. Elnaschie. Nanotechnology and the political economy of the developing world. International. Periodical international Economic Magazine published in Egypt & England Tel Cairo + 20122586455

[4] M. S. Elnaschie. Nanotechnology for the developing world. C, S & F 3D (2006) pp.769-77

[5] M. S. Elnaschie.The political economy of nanotechnology and the developing world. C, S & F pp 41-50 vol 1 January (2007)

[6] M. S. Elnaschie. A review of applications and results of E-finity theory. Int J M S & Numerical stimulation 8(1), 11-20 (2007)